T573029173的個人博客分享 http://www.ueservicedoffices.com/u/T573029173

博文

[轉載]英文寫作中的最常見“十大句式”

已有 3370 次閱讀 2016-9-16 21:02 |系統分類:科研筆記|關鍵詞:英文寫作,否定句、非限制性定語從句、讓步狀語從句、It引導的從句、假設句、倒裝句、強調句、比較句、插入語、原因句| 英文寫作 |文章來源:轉載

分享自小木蟲

   本文提供的十大句式主要包括“否定句、非限制性定語從句、讓步狀語從句、It引導的從句、假設句、倒裝句、強調句、比較句、插入語、原因句”。這“十大句式”具有一定的普遍性。事實上,“十大句式”在閱讀論文和論文寫作中出現的頻率相當高,也是廣大科研人員非常熟悉的句式。一旦科研人員熟練地掌握了它們的用法,就能根據內容表達的需要,隨時派上用場。

   對科研人員來講,用英文進行科技論文的寫作只是一種表達的方式,英文只是一種表達的工具,平時較少關注如何運用多種句式的意識,因此多數科研人員以自己頭腦中拼湊的中式英語取而代之,往往想不到運用這些句式。哪些感覺句子寫起來揮灑自如的科研人員,其中或多或少地在使用十大句式,在一定程度上說明他們頭腦中已經培養起句式寫作潛意識。這“十大句式”中除了否定句、倒裝句、插入語一般可以寫成簡單句以外,其它67句都屬于復合句,占到總數的三分之二以上。換句話說,如果科研人員能運用十大句式正確地寫出句子,那么不僅復雜句的數量就可以達到67分規定的要求,而且句式呈現多樣化,復合句和簡單句交錯使用,大大增強文章表達效果。

一、否定句

  許多否定句中并不含有not的否定結構。如果作者能在論文中正確使用他們,就會增加寫作的閃光點,使文章顯得生動活潑。

1、Instead of indulging in playing computer games, children should be taught how to benefit from useful information on the internet.(Instead of 介詞短語,副詞)

2、On no account (Under no circumstances)can we ignore the immense value of knowledge.(絕不——in no way, by no means, in no case)

3、College students take part-time jobs not for more money but for a better understanding of societies.

4、One’s salary does not depend so much on his educational background as on hisability and contribution to the society.

5、In terms of nutrition, fast foodies far from satisfactory.

6、Parents would not expect their children to become useful persons without working hard.

二、非限制性定語從句

  如果需要對前述的整個句子內容進行解釋或說明,就可以用到非限制性定語從句。

1、Undoubtedly, practical courses can be used to the reality, which is of vital importance to their development in the future.

2、Children tend to imitate what they have seen and heard on mass media, which is sometimes dangerous and harmful.

3、The majority of students believe that part-time jobs will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.

三、讓步句

  讓步句是寫論文最常用的句式之一,作者務必掌握以下4種用法,可以使英文句子起伏跌宕,富于變化。

1、This view is widely acknowledged;however,there is little evidence that smoking is beneficial to people’s health.

2、Although(While) the computer has been widely used inclass, it cannot replace the role of teachers.

3、Reasonable as the opinion sounds, itcannot bear much analysis.

4、In spite of a lot of conveniences that cars bring to people’slife, it can create a series of serious problems.

四、It引導的句子

  It引導的句子是寫作中使用頻率最高的句式。作者應熟練掌握其用法,并能靈活運用到文章的開篇、主體段和結尾段中。

1、It is hard to imagine what our life would look like without computers in modern society.

2、It is conceivable that being physically active does good to health.

3、It is a highly controversial issue whether women should join the armed forces or not.

4、It is universally acknowledged that water and air are indispensable to human beings.

5、It is essential that endangered species ofanimals be protected against being killed.

6、It is high time that the government took effective measures to solve these problems.

7、It has been made easier for modern people to communicate with each other by the internet in a few seconds.

8、It is worth caring about the way a child behaves.

9、It is no use crying over the spilt milk.

10、It has been a few decades since the computer came into being.

五、假設句

  假設句可分為真實假設句非真實假設句兩種。常用在主體段落表示正、反論證。

1、If we destroy old buildings, then we will ruin the traditional culture and heritage.(條件假設)

2、You would miss the chance to interact with other students if you used internet at home.

3、Once you change your present job, you will be faced with the danger of being unemployed.

六、倒裝句

  在寫作中恰當和準確地使用倒裝句,有助于句子表達形式的多樣化,使語言更加生動有力。

1、Only in this way can the problem be tackled properly.(部分倒裝——助動詞或情態動詞提到主語前)

2、Only when children take arduous efforts can they become successful.(部分倒裝)

3、Not only does studying in school serve academic purpose, but students learn how to handle interpersonal relations. (部分倒裝——助動詞或情態動詞提到主語前,形成助動詞+主語+謂語動詞)

4、Under no circumstances should youngsters follow negative information on mass media blindly.

5、So valuable is water that we cannot afford to waste it.(So that語句中,so+完全倒裝+that,或主謂倒裝)

6、Nowadays, most dangerous for youngsters is the tendency to indulge in playing PC games.

七、強調句

  寫作時為了突出句子的某一成分,常常使用強調句。

1、It is for the benefit of maintaining the ecological balance that human beings ought to protect the endangered animal species.

2、It is not until people suffer from some fatal diseases such as SARS and AIDS that they are becoming aware of how significant it is for the government to invest more money in medical care.

3、Nothing in the world is more valuable than health.

八、比較句

  正確地使用比較結構可以使文章的句式增加變化,有利于提高寫作成績。

1、Studies show that juvenile delinquency rates are twice as high for youngsters from single-parent families as for those in traditional households.(同級比較)研究表明來自單親家庭的青少年犯罪率是來自傳統家庭的兩倍。

2、Generally speaking, people in moderntimes enjoy less leisure time than they did previously.(比較級)一般說來,現代人比過去享有更少的休閑時間。

3、Compared with those with different abilities, children with intelligence do more well in their school work and intelligence tests. 與不同能力的孩子相比,聰明的孩子在學業和智力測驗方面表現更加突出。

4、Contrary to pop stars, other professionals like doctors and teachers create the true value for their society.與明星不同,其他專業人員如醫生和教師為社會創造了真正的價值。

5、Air is to human what (as) water is to fish. 空氣對人類就如同水對魚一樣。

九、插入語

  插入語是對一句話做一些附加說明或解釋。最常見的位置于句中,一般用逗號或破折號與句子隔開。用得恰當,不僅可以增加字數,而且使文章更顯地道和精彩。

1、Computers, most important of all, create wide communication around the world.

2、Providing more parking areas, in the long run, has proved to be a practical way out in many large cities in the world.

3、Observing local culture, consciously and unconsciously, can reduce the chance of offending the locals, or it will lead to the embarrassment and even conflict.

4、Space exploration, some people believe, will bring some unexpected discoveries.

十、原因句

  幾乎所有的寫作試題都要求寫原因或者可以寫原因。議論文的講道理實際就是說明原因。因此,掌握好表達原因的結構是十分重要的。

1、Violent films can do harm to youngpeople, because they contains numerous negative information.

2、Human beings are chiefly responsible for wild animal extinction.

3、We should attribute(ascribe) medical advances to the animals which do substantial contributions to the experiment.

4、Because of overpopulation, water shortage has become one ofthe most serious problems.

5、Owing to the fierce competition in today’s world, a great many young people find themselves under great pressure.

 

  結語:句式變換直接影響到論文寫作的成敗。在此,衷心希望“十大句式”能為廣大科技論文科研人員提供一條快速、高效的提高句式寫作的途徑,真正做到學以致用,“以不變應萬變”。




http://www.ueservicedoffices.com/blog-1813407-1003288.html

上一篇:應試考試記憶英語單詞
下一篇:好的科研思路的產生和評估(歸納)

1 zjzhaokeqin

該博文允許注冊用戶評論 請點擊登錄 評論 (1 個評論)

數據加載中...

Archiver|手機版|科學網 ( 京ICP備14006957 )

GMT+8, 2019-7-6 07:17

Powered by ScienceNet.cn

Copyright © 2007- 中國科學報社

返回頂部
时时彩平台 青州市  高密市  健康  中山市  郧西县  广水市   界首市  文成县  定结县  赤水市   屯昌县  建阳市  南涧  文登市  安福县  云和县   兴宁市  怀安县  荔浦县  浮山县